Some answers to frequently asked questions.
Some answers to frequently asked questions.
Even if you have been saving for your retirement for most of your working life, your pension may not be big enough for you to live on comfortably when you do retire or provide enough for your dependants.
The Scheme is considered to provide a reasonable benefit for many of its members in retirement but, depending on your circumstances, this may not be the case for you.
Your pension may not be enough to live comfortably on if you:
One option is to make extra contributions to boost your pension. Whatever you do you should make sure you get financial advice before making any decisions.
The Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association (PLSA) has published a set of ‘Retirement Living Standards’ to help us all picture what kind of lifestyle we might have in retirement and what it might cost. Please visit www.retirementlivingstandards.org.uk for more information.
All of us look forward to a happy and comfortable retirement.
To have that little bit extra during your retirement years you may wish to consider paying extra contributions, which can be a tax efficient way of topping up your income when you retire.
There are a number of ways you can top up your retirement income, on top of the benefits you are already looking forward to as a member of the Scheme:
The state pension changed on 6 April 2016 for people who reach state pension age on or after that date. This is men born on or after 6 April 1951 and women born on or after 6 April 1953. The old rules (which include basic State Pension and Additional State Pension) were complicated, making it difficult to know how much you'd get until you were close to State Pension age. Not everyone will get the full new State Pension though, as it will depend on your National Insurance record.
The full new State Pension for 2023/24 is £203.85 per week.
The basic state pension for 2023/24 has increased from £141.85 to £156.20 per week (£44.35), while the full rate of the new state pension has risen from £185.15 to £203.85 per week (£18.70).
Each qualifying year on your National Insurance record after 5 April 2016 will add about £5.13 a week to your new State Pension. The exact amount you get is calculated by dividing £203.85 by 35 and then multiplying by the number of qualifying years after 5 April 2016.
If you have questions relating to State pensions visit www.gov.uk.
You can find out your State Pension age using the State Pension age calculator.
The Scheme is 'contracted out' of the State Second Pension (see relevant section below).
From the 6 April 1978 to 5 April 2016 members of the LGPS paid a reduced rate of national insurance contribution by virtue of being "contracted out" of the State Earnings Related Pension Scheme SERPS - later known as the State Second Pension or S2P.
This means that instead of paying full national insurance contributions and getting both the basic state pension and the 2nd state pension LGPS members paid a reduced rate but only get the basic state pension.
However; The government decided to change the way state pensions are earned. From 6 April 2016 there has been a single flat rate pension for everyone. Although to get the full amount you will have had to pay the full national insurance amount for some time. For details please see the link to the state pension website.
As a result of this change to the state pension the government announced that it was ending the option for pension schemes to be contracted out of the state pension scheme. This means that from 6 April 2016, members of the LGPS have been paying the full rate of national insurance contributions. The amount extra that you have had to pay will depend on your salary.
It is important that you understand how much state pension that you will receive and when you will receive it. Please look at the government website using the following link: https://www.gov.uk/state-pension/overview.
If you have less than 2 years Scheme membership and have not transferred pension rights in from another pension scheme you can apply to get a refund of your contributions.
Only your own contributions are refundable, those paid by your employer are not. There will be deductions to account for tax relief and, if applicable, National Insurance.
To encourage people to pay into a pension there are special rules on how contributions and some benefits are taxed.
Most people will be able to save as much as they want with full tax relief as their pension savings will be significantly less than the allowances.
The limit for 2023/24 is £60,000, although there are now special rules for those higher earners with adjusted earnings in excess of £260,000 per annum. Please contact us if you believe you might be impacted by the annual allowance.
From the 6th April 2023 the lifetime allowance charge will be removed. It is expected that the lifetime allowance will be abolished from the 6th April 2024. The maximum pension commencement lump sum (PCLS), i.e. tax free retirement lump sum, for members without previous transitional protections will be fixed at its current level of £268,275 (25% of £1,073,100).
You may still have to pay tax on your income when you start to take your pension.
We deduct this via Pay As You Earn (PAYE).
It is His Majesty's Revenue & Customs (HMRC) that works out how much income tax you should pay and provides us with the tax code to be applied to your pension. You will need to speak directly to HMRC. You can contact them on 0300 200 3300 (or 0300 200 3319 for textphone) or +44135 535 9022 if you are outside of the UK. You will need your National Insurance number (you can find this on your P60).
You pay Scottish Income Tax if you live in Scotland and it is paid to the Scottish Government.
Scottish Income Tax applies to your wages, pension and most other taxable income.
You’ll pay the same tax as the rest of the UK on dividends and savings interest.
For more information about Scottish income tax rates visit GOV.UK.
You may need to contact us if you are going back to work in Local Government, or an employer where you could become a member of the LGPS. In most cases further employment will not affect your pension. But you must tell us if you take up further employment.
The death in retirement section has details about what the person who is looking after your affairs should do when you die and what further benefits might be payable from the Scheme.